Today, education is very much essential to build a good career. In India, Higher Secondary Education is a crucial phase in every student’s life. Students taking Science in Class 11 have a massive scope in the future as the career options after 12 are numerous and varying. Many people find it hard to choose a career option after 12th science and choosing the right career option is not as simple as it might sound. For the students from Science Stream, there is no absence of career options after school. There are so many courses to follow other than just medicine. One major advantage that Science students have over Non-Science students is that they are capable of almost all Science as well as Non-Science options – a privilege that is not possible for Commerce and Humanities students.
Bioscience group is highly comparative and offers excellent career opportunities. Total students graduating from medical are among the highest in India. We did heavy analysis for students and now we can provide pieces of information related to Science Biology Group Courses after 12th.
If you ever desire to be a part of the health care industry opt for medical science which more reliable and will suit your subject. You will need to appear for an entrance examination to get admission to the medical degree course. Admission in most of the professional courses in the medical field is based on either merit or through the entrance test. There are different entrance exams for different courses in medicine. AIIMS, JIPMER, NEET, AMU, IPU CET, CMC (Vellore), KIITEE are the popular entrance exam for admission to MBBS/BDS course.
Medical Courses (5 Years)
“Medical Science” is one of the best, reputed, and respected professional fields in India and abroad where there are many opportunities. The prominent five-year medical courses are MBBS- Allopathy, BUMS -Unani, BHMS- Homeopathy, BAMS- Ayurveda, BSMS- Siddha, BNYS-Naturopathy, BDS- Dental, BVSc-Veterinary, BPT-Physiotherapy.
MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery), MBChB, MBBCh, MB BChir (Cantab), BM Bch (Oxon) (BMBS), are the two first-professional degrees in medicine and surgery awarded upon graduation from medical school by universities.
BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is the only educational and professional program for dental surgery. The BDS degree is equivalent to an MBBS degree but works in a different domain. In the medical educational field, this is the second choice of the students after the MBBS course. In this course, the students are taught about denture, dental problems, and dental surgery.
BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) is a doctoral degree and can be done after the 12th Science (Biology). It is a bachelor’s degree in Ayurveda. It is also one of the sought courses after 12th among the science students having biology. It is equivalent to the MBBS degree program.
BHMS degree is a Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery, while a DHMS degree is a Diploma in Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery. Both of these undergraduate courses are part of the alternative, holistic medical field.
BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) is an undergraduate degree program in the field of Unani medicine and surgery. It is a bachelor’s degree. Unani medical treatment is one of the ancient medical treatments. Besides BHMS and BAMS, it is also one of the reputed medical fields after 12th and equivalent to the BAMS degree program.
Paramedical Courses Allied Health Sciences (2,3,4 Years)
B-Pharma, BSC Nursing, BOT-Occupational therapy, B.Sc Anesthesia Tech, B.Sc Cath lab Tech, B.Sc Cardiac care Tech, B.Sc Clinical Optometry, B.Sc Imaging Tech, B.Sc Medical Tech, B.Sc Nuclear Medicine, B.Sc Operation Theatre.
The main motive of the above-mentioned educational programs is to produce qualified and expert paramedical professionals. Paramedical professionals are an integral part of the healthcare system. In these programs, students are taught about nursing and cure methods and techniques. On completion of these courses, career opportunities are available in hospitals and healthcare organizations. The time duration of this course is 4 years.
Physical therapy or physiotherapy is a branch of rehabilitative medicine aimed at helping patients maintain recovery or improve their physical abilities. Physical therapy also means the treatment of any pain, disease, or injury by physical means. The time duration is 4-5 years.
Occupational therapy (OT) is the use of assessment and treatment to develop, recover or maintain the daily living and work skills of people with a physical, mental or cognitive disorder. The time duration is usually 3 years.
In every science and medical field, there exists a lab. The career options or courses after 12th in the medical lab technology are huge and provides ample job opportunities to the candidates having an appropriate diploma/degree course in this field. In this course, the students are taught about the analysis of medical tests, microbiology, instrumentation, and many other areas related to the medical field. The time duration is 3 years.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs.  It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The time duration of this course is 3 years.
The career opportunities for each of these courses pertain to the specific field, hence are very vast. A common workplace for most of these careers is hospitals. Additionally, pathology labs are a prime workplace for medical lab technologists, while, physiotherapists and occupational therapists can work in clinics or can even set up their private practice. Radio technicians and optometrists work closely alongside doctors to facilitate their work. Clinical Researchers essentially work on research projects in laboratories of hospitals, pharmaceuticals, and universities. Occupational therapists work on a one-to-one basis with clients and patients at various NGOs, special schools, social service departments, etc. The roles of public health administrators are more related to the management and administration of hospitals and health-care systems, and they work mainly with hospitals, government organizations, and NGOs.
Some Top Colleges: AIIMS, Jamia Hamdard University (Optometry); Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Public Health (Public Health Administration); Christian Medical College, All India Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Occupational Therapy); Indian Institute of Clinical Research, Asian Institute of Health Sciences (Clinical Research); Christian Medical College, Kasturba Medical College (Radiology); Maulana Azad Medical College, Armed Forces Medical College (Audiology); Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Institute for Physically Handicapped (Physiotherapy).
Paramedical Allied courses institutions in India: SRM Medical College Hospital, IIT Kanpur, Parul University Vadodara, IIM Indore, Maulana Azad Medical college, Aryakul College of Pharmacy and Research, MIMS College of Allied Health Science, EMS college of Paramedical Science.
BSc Professional Courses (3,4 Years)
Some of the well-known B Sc programs available in front of Biology Group students are- Botany, Zoology, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Environmental science, Genetics, Bioinformatics, Physiology, Marine Biology, Biotechnology, Biophysics, Bio-Medical Science, Food and Agriculture,
A Bachelor of Science receives the designation BSc or BS for a major/pass degree and BSc (Hons) or BS (Hons) for an honors degree. In England Wales, India, and Northern Ireland an honors degree is typically completed over three years, though there are a few intensified two-year courses (with less vacation time).
Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Science (BNYS) is one of the trusted fields after Allopathy in India. It is the oldest method for the cure and prevention of diseases in the world. At present, it is not only popular in India but also growing rapidly across the world. The degree in Naturopathy & Yogic Science is an approved educational program in India. Its study involves the use of medical treatment by using natural substances and herbal medicines.
B.Sc. Dairy Technology is a separate branch after 12th science. It is a big field of educational study. It covers the technology that is used in the production, manufacturing, quality analysis, and research of dairy products. A graduate in dairy technology has the opportunity to work in dairy industries like Amul Parag, Param, Mother Dairy, and other food industries. The other advantage of this course is that it helps an individual in establishing his own business.
B.Sc. Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products or “any technological application that uses biological systems living organisms or derivatives thereof to make or modify products or processes for a specific use.”
The science of caring for and treating diseases of animals and birds is called Veterinary Science. This subject includes animal physiology and the prevention of disease cases. Professionals in this field are called veterinary doctors. Veterinary science also involves the handling of scientific breeding of livestock.
B.Sc. Environmental science is also referred to as an interdisciplinary field because it incorporates information and ideas from multiple disciplines. Within the natural sciences, such fields as biology, chemistry, and geology are included in environmental science.
B.Sc. Microbiology is a full-time undergraduate program that is of 3-year duration. This course primarily focuses on microorganisms and their applications in the field of Research. This course aims to provide students a detailed study of microorganisms with the help of scientific tools such as microscopes, genetics, and culture.
B.Sc. Genetics is an undergraduate Genetics Science Course. Genetics covers the study of the science of heredity and variation in living organisms which further then studies heredity and the way in which traits are passed down from one generation to another. It is a 3 years course.
B.Sc. Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field of science that deals with biological information. It is a fusion of many fields such as computer science, mathematics, engineering, and statistics. These fields combine to examine and exemplify the biological data. This course focus on employing existing bioinformatic resources- mainly web-based programs and data basses – to access the wealth of data to answer questions relevant to the average biologist, and it’s highly hands-on.
B.Sc. Physiology is a 3- year undergraduate course designed to impart advanced lessons to eligible candidates in the functioning and working of the human body, the various organs, and the tiny cells and tissues. The course familiarizes candidates with the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions that work cohesively to keep the body in good health.
B.Sc. Marine Science or Bachelor of Science in Marine Science is an undergraduate Marine Engineering course. Marine Science is an extensive study of the physical and biological aspects of the ocean. During the course, the students generally study marine biology and interactions with the environment; they also study biological oceanography and related fields of chemical, physical, and geological oceanography. B.Sc. Marine Science is one of the most searched courses now a day due to its wide career prospects.
The Best B.Sc. courses providing education institutions in India: Government Medical College Kozhikode, Calicut University (CU), Maulana Azad College Kolkata, All India Institute of Medical Science New Delhi, Patna Medical College Patna, Sriramachandra Institution for Higher Education Chennai, Tamil Nadu, National Institute of Oceanography Goa (Marine Biology Course).
The Best B.Sc. courses providing education institutions in India: Government Medical College Kozhikode, Calicut University (CU), Maulana Azad College Kolkata, All India Institute of Medical Science New Delhi, Patna Medical College Patna, Sriramachandra Institution for Higher Education Chennai, Tamil Nadu, National Institute of Oceanography Goa ( Marine Biology Course ).
Agriculture Professional Courses (2,3,4 Years)
A career in Agriculture is one of the largest industries and a good source of employment across the country. Agricultural Science is a multidisciplinary field that includes a variety of scientific, technical & business subjects. It promotes the efficient production of quality food in the agricultural-food industry & on the farm associated with farming. Main agriculture entrance exams are ICAR, AIEEA, MCAER, CET, CG PAT, and UPCATET.
B.Sc Agriculture, B.Sc Horticulture Science, B.Sc forestry B.Sc Community Science, B.Sc Fisheries, B.Sc Sericulture, B.Tech Food Technology, B.Tech Dairy Technology, B.Tech Bio-Technology are the important courses that the agriculture sector providing.
The Best Agriculture courses providing education institutions in India: ICAR- National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI) Haryana, Indian Agricultural Research Institution, GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Punjab Agriculture University (UGC) Ludhiana Punjab, Kera veterinary & Animal Science University- Pookode Kerala, Kerala University For Fisheries and Ocean Studies Thrissur Kerala, the University of Agriculture and Horticulture Sciences Banglore, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu Agriculture University Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu are some of the best agricultural universities in India.
– Compiled by Swetha Sukumar